Green Nuclear deal Manifesto

Where Environmentalism and Economics Interests Converge to Save the Future

In order to combat the issue of Climate Change, the President of the United State needs to declare a national emergency to begin immediately addressing a major reduction in Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions. 

Initial actions to reduce CO2 emissions:

  1. Allocate funding and resources to complete the construction of Gen III Nuclear Power Plants already under construction or licensed for construction in the United States. 
  2. Focus attention on mass production of the small modular reactors which are set to be licensed for construction in 2021. There is a significant amount of experience in the United States from the Navy trained Nuclear Operators to operate 100 MWth cores that are being licensed now.
  3. Utilize a combination of the nuclear commercial industry and government-run lab facilities to compete to develop advance Gen IV nuclear designs. These designs must have the quality of having unlimited passive safety meaning that they cannot meltdown and fail in a safe manner. Additionally, these designs shall be required to run on nuclear waste from commercial reactor sites. 

Gen IV Reactor mass production:

  1. Once viable Gen IV designs have been proven to work and to work safely without risk of meltdown a full-scale production of the new Safe Plants must go into full swing. Again, the Nuclear industry with the labs needs to develop a method of small modular reactor design that can be transported on a single train, barge or equivalent number of semi-trucks. The idea is that from material arrival on site until the reactor goes on the grid should be 6 months or less. 
  2. The reactors should be designed such that tampering by saboteurs, terrorist and criminals is impossible and therefore would minimize the security footprint and threat. 
  3. After initial mass producible designs are approved then manufacturing sites need to be developed. These sites will need to be located near areas where spent reactor fuel is available to construct the small modular reactors. They will need elevated security just as legacy nuclear plants have since they will be handling the dangerous waste that was initially used by those plants. 
  4. Designs of these reactors should be standardized and simplified such that licensing for operations is not as arduous as the current process. Additionally, license of the same style of plant (Molten Salt, Pebble Bed, Molten Lead, etc...) should be transferable to a like design regardless of MW rating. A minor local difference of that unit training program of less than a month would also be acceptable. 

Waste disposal:

  1. Once a small modular reactor has consumed the reused nuclear fuel the power unit will need to be sent back to the manufacturing facility for refurbishment and disposal. 
  2. Due to the Nuclear Fission process, some residual Nuclear Fuel materials will remain behind. The manufacturing facilities can isolate and use that material in new reactors being manufactured or it needs to be “burned up” in a burner style nuclear reactor on the manufacturing site. 
  3. The remaining waste from the reactors also known as fission products shall be separated for disposal based on the length of time until they become radioactively inert (meaning no longer produce radiation). 0-5 years the material will be separated and allowed to decay on site and then released. 5-50 years will be transported to licensed radioactive waste facilities for long term storage before release when it becomes inert. 50 years and more will be transported to specialized sites that will transform them into glass blocks where they will be shipped to the US government’s WIPP facility in Carlsbad, NM that is already a licensed long term storage facility for Nuclear Weapons material. 

International Efforts:

  1. As the Nuclear Fission process runs off of the same fuel that is used in Nuclear Weapons any nation wanting to transform their weaponry into Gen IV Reactors will be welcomed with open arms. This would include Iran, North Korea, India and Pakistan. The stipulations on this would be that the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) would have unlimited access to their nuclear sites to ensure that they are not attempting to tamper with the Small Modular Reactors. Also, they will not be authorized to construct manufacturing facilities and must rely on one of the following nations for reactors: United States, Canada, United Kingdom, China, Japan, South Korea, France, Sweden, Russia, Ukraine and Switzerland. 
  2. Countries lacking in any Nuclear Program will also be allowed to join the Nuclear Power community so long as they allow IAEA unlimited access to all of their nuclear sites and manufacturing is performed by one of the countries listed above. 

Maritime use:

  1. Since Naval Nuclear Propulsion has been a proven technology for 70+ years and it was proven to be useful in both military and commercial applications these Small Modular Reactor Designs could be installed in large vessels for shipping and even cruise ships. 
  2. Manufacturing and disposal of the maritime reactors shall be performed by one of the authorized nations listed above. 

Long term operating strategies:

  1. For power production, these plants should be dispersed throughout the nation’s power grid near already existing substations. This will decentralize the power grid making it more robust from a cyber attack or natural disasters. It will also mean that power is localized producing more jobs. 
  2. Companies that use large amounts of power (Steel, auto plants, etc...) should be allowed to obtain licenses and construct these facilities near their factories such that they are not adding undue burden on the power grid. 
  3. Near the power plants on the electric grid and perhaps on the power plant site itself should be facilities that can consume excess power during non-peak periods. This excess power could be used to generate oils from extracting CO2 from the air, making water via evaporators or desalination, as a couple of examples. 

North Korea specific items:

  1. To ensure a peaceful and mutually beneficial transfer of them being a nuclear weapons power to an economic and nuclear energy power, China, Russia and South Korea should be permitted to train and assist the North Korean people in developing their own nuclear power plants. North Korea in return shall allow their country to be used as a testing area for the new designs meeting the criteria listed above. 
  2. As an exception to the specified manufacturing countries listed above, North Korea will be permitted to develop reactor manufacturing facilities under the condition that the company running the facility is Russian, Chinese or South Korean (Partnerships with North Korea Companies would be encouraged). Also, every country authorized for manufacturing reactors shall have unlimited access to these sites and IAEA shall have people permanently assigned to the facilities. 

This plan is fluid and will change periodically as items of the world change. It is by no means written in stone but is meant to be a guideline for how the United States can lead the world into the future. 

Media and Business Development Contact

Bernie Lyons, Gen IV Nuclear Inc. 

(778) 839-1249